Chateau Pichon Baron and Chateau Pichon Lalande started out life together. At their inception, they were originally part of the same Pauillac vineyard. The chateau and vineyard of Pichon Baron acquired its name like many properties of the day, through marriage.This happened when Therese, daughter of the founder, received the estate as a dowry when she married Jacques de Pichon Longueville, the first President of the Bordeaux Parliament. This began the creation of what we now know of as Chateau Pichon Longueville Baron.Chateau Pichon Baron as we know it today changed because of the Baron Joseph de Pichon Longueville. He took over managing Pichon Baron when he was only 19 years old! When the Baron was 90, on the night of his death in 1850, he divided his Pauillac estate between his five children.Trying to be fair to everyone, his two sons received two fifths of the vineyard and the wine-making facilities; his three daughters received the other three fifths of the vineyards. The men were awarded what became Chateau Pichon Baron. The women were given what wa to become Chateau Pichon Lalande.
It’s interesting to note, that Pichon Lalande, perhaps in part ended up producing the more sensuous style of Pauillac because it was managed by women, while Pichon Baron, which was run by men creates a more masculine styled Bordeaux.
For a few years, both properties were overseen by Baron Raoul de Pichon Longueville before the estate was finally divided in two forever.
Pichon Baron remained in the Pichon-Longueville family until 1933. At that point, it was acquired by the Bouteiller’s who claimed they were direct descendants of the official wine steward to the King.
Pichon Baron went through a difficult period in the 1960′s and 1970′s, due to a lack of investment. That changed when Pichon Baron was purchased by the AXA insurance group, which began the modern era for Pichon Baron.
Jean-Michel Cazes of Chateau Lynch Bages was brought in to help run the estate. At the time of the purchase, the chateau, vineyards and Bordeaux wine making facilities were all in need of a major face lift. The vineyards were in need of replanting as only 33 hectares of vines were cultivated at the time of the purchase.
Jean-Rene Matignon started with the Left Bank Bordeaux property in 1985. In three short years, Pichon Baron once again began producing wines of world class quality. The first vintage that brought this historic estate back to prominence was the sublime 1989 followed by the potentially even better 1990.